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At the end of Year 2, children are expected to achieve the following objectives in Writing:


Stage 2



Spell by:

  1. segmenting spoken words into phonemes and representing these by graphemes, spelling many correctly
  2. learning new ways of spelling phonemes for which 1 or more spellings are already known, and learn some words with each spelling, including a few common homophones
  3. learning to spell common exception words
  4. learning to spell more words with contracted forms
  5. learning the possessive apostrophe (singular)
  6. distinguishing between homophones and near-homophones

add suffixes to spell longer words, including –ment, –ness, –ful, –less, –ly

apply spelling rules and guidelines, as listed in English Appendix 1

write from memory simple sentences dictated by the teacher that include words using the GPCs, common exception words and punctuation taught so far.


Handwriting and Presentation


form lower-case letters of the correct size relative to one another

start using some of the diagonal and horizontal strokes needed to join letters and understand which letters, when adjacent to one another, are best left unjoined

write capital letters and digits of the correct size, orientation and relationship to one another and to lower-case letters

use spacing between words that reflects the size of the letters.




Develop positive attitudes towards and stamina for writing by:

  1. writing narratives about personal experiences and those of others (real and fictional)
  2. writing about real events
  3. writing poetry
  4. writing for different purposes

Consider what they are going to write before beginning by:

  1. planning or saying out loud what they are going to write about
  2. writing down ideas and/or key words, including new vocabulary
  3. encapsulating what they want to say, sentence by sentence

make simple additions, revisions and corrections to their own writing by:

evaluating their writing with the teacher and other pupils

rereading to check that their writing makes sense and that verbs to indicate time are used correctly and consistently, including verbs in the continuous form

proofreading to check for errors in spelling, grammar and punctuation  (for example, ends of sentences punctuated correctly)

read aloud what they have written with appropriate intonation to make the meaning clear


Vocabulary, grammar & punctuation


Develop their understanding of the concepts set out in English Appendix 2 by:

  1. learning how to use both familiar and new punctuation correctly (see English Appendix 2) , including full stops, capital letters, exclamation marks, question marks, commas for lists and apostrophes for contracted forms and the possessive (singular)

Learn how to use:

  1. sentences with different forms: statement, question, exclamation, command
  2. expanded noun phrases to describe and specify
  3. the present and past tenses correctly and consistently including the progressive form
  4. subordination (using when, if, that, or because) and co-ordination (using or, and, or but)
  5. learning the grammar for year 2 in English Appendix 2
  6. some features of written Standard English

use and understand the grammatical terminology in English Appendix 2 in discussing their writing and reading.