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At the end of Year 6, children are expected to show the following skills in Reading:


Word Reading

Reading Comprehension

  • Apply their growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (etymology and morphology), as listed in English Appendix 1, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that they meet, with growing confidence


Maintain positive attitudes to reading and understanding of what they read by:

  • continue to read and discuss an increasingly wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks
  • read books that are structured in different ways and read for a range of purposes
  • increase their familiarity with a wide range of books, including myths, legends and traditional stories, modern fiction, fiction from our literary heritage, and books from other cultures and traditions
  • recommend books that they have read to their peers, giving reasons for their choices
  • identify and discuss themes and conventions in and across a wide range of writing
  • make comparisons within and across books
  • learn a wider range of poetry by heart
  • prepare poems and plays to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone and volume so that the meaning is clear to an audience


Understand what they have read:

  • check that the book makes sense to them, discussing their understanding and exploring the meaning of words in context
  • ask questions to improve their understanding
  • draw inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and justify inferences with evidence
  • predict what might happen from details stated and implied
  • summarise the main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph, identifying key details that support the main ideas
  • identify how language, structure and presentation contribute to meaning


Discuss and evaluate how authors use language, including figurative language, considering the impact on the reader

Distinguish between statements of fact and opinion

Retrieve, record and present information from non-fiction

Participate in discussions about books that are read to them and those they can read for themselves, building on their own and others’ ideas and challenging views courteously

Explain and discuss their understanding of what they have read, including through formal presentations and debates, maintaining a focus on the topic and using notes where necessary.

Provide reasoned justifications for their views