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At the end of Year 5, children are expected to achieve the following objectives in Writing:


Stage 5



Use further prefixes and suffixes correctly in their writing

Spell some words with ‘silent’ letters

Continue to distinguish between homophones and other words which are often confused

Use dictionaries to check the spelling and meaning of words

Use a thesaurus

Handwriting and Presentation


Pupils should be taught to write legibly, fluently and with increasing speed by:

  • Choosing which shape of a letter to use when given choices and deciding whether or not to join specific letters




Plan their writing by:

  1. identifying the audience for and purpose of the writing beginning to select the appropriate form
  2. noting and developing initial ideas
  3. in writing narratives, considering how authors have developed characters and settings in what pupils have read, listened to or seen performed

Draft and write by:

  1. selecting appropriate grammar and vocabulary
  2. in narratives, describing settings, characters and atmosphere 
  3. securing the use of paragraphs
  4. using a wide range of devices to build cohesion within and across paragraphs
  5. using a range of organisational and presentational devices to structure text
  6. beginning to use rhetorical questions to draw the reader in.

Evaluate and edit by:

  1. assessing the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing
  2. proposing changes to vocabulary, grammar and punctuation
  3. ensuring the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing

Proofread for spelling and punctuation errors


Vocabulary, grammar & punctuation


develop their understanding of the concepts set out in Appendix 2 by:

  1. using expanded noun phrases to convey complicated information concisely
  2. using modal verbs or adverbs to indicate degrees of possibility
  3. using relative clauses beginning with who, which, where, when, whose, that or with an implied (ie omitted) relative pronoun
  4. beginning to learn the grammar for years 5 and 6 in Appendix 2

indicate grammatical and other features by:

  • using commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity in writing
  • using brackets, dashes or commas to indicate parenthesis

use and understand the grammatical terminology in Appendix 2 accurately and appropriately in discussing their writing and reading.