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At the end of Year 1, children are expected to achieve the following objectives in maths:


Number and Place Value

Addition and Subtraction

  • count to and across 100, forwards and backwards, beginning with 0 or 1, or from any given number
  • count forwards and backwards through the odd numbers.
  • reason about the location of numbers to 20 within the linear number system, including comparing using < > and =
  • count forwards and backwards in multiples of 2, 5 and 10, up to 10 multiples, beginning with any multiple
  • count, read and write numbers to 100 in numerals
  • given a number, identify one more and one less
  • identify and represent numbers using objects and pictorial representations including the number line, and use the language of: equal to, more than, less than (fewer), most, least
  • read and write numbers from 1 to 20 in numerals and words.
  • develop fluency in addition and subtraction facts within 10.
  • compose numbers to 10 from 2 parts, and partition numbers to 10 into parts, including recognising odd and even numbers.
  • read, write and interpret mathematical statements involving addition (+), subtraction (-) and equals (=) signs
  • represent and use number bonds and related subtraction facts within 20
  • add and subtract one-digit and two-digit numbers to 20 including zero
  • solve simple one-step problems that involve addition and subtraction, using concrete objects and pictorial representations, and missing number problems such as 7 = - 9

Multiplication and Division


  • solve simple one-step problems involving multiplication and division, by calculating the answer using concrete objects, pictorial representations and arrays with the support of the teacher.


  • recognise, find and name a half as one of two equal parts of an object, shape or quantity
  • recognise, find and name a quarter as one of four equal parts of an object, shape or quantity.


Geometry: properties of shape

  • compare, describe and solve practical problems for:
  • lengths and heights (e.g. long/short, longer/shorter, tall/short, double/half)
  • mass or weight (e.g. heavy/light, heavier than, lighter than)
  • capacity/volume (e.g. full/empty, more than, less than, half, half full, quarter)
  • time (e.g. quicker, slower, earlier, later)
  • measure and begin to record the following:
  • lengths and heights
  • mass/weight
  • capacity and volume
  • time (hours, minutes, seconds)
  • recognise and know the value of different denominations of coins and notes
  • sequence events in chronological order using language [e.g. before and after, next, first, today, yesterday, tomorrow, morning, afternoon and evening]
  • recognise and use language relating to dates, including days of the week, weeks, months and years
  • tell the time to the hour and half past the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.
  • recognise and name common 2-D and 3-D shapes, including:
  • 2-D shapes [e.g. rectangles (including squares), circles and triangles]
  • 3-D shapes [e.g. cuboids (including cubes), pyramids and spheres].

Geometry: position and direction

  • describe position, directions and movements, including whole, half, quarter and three-quarter turns.