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At the end of Year 1, children are expected to show the following skills in Reading:


Word Reading

Reading Comprehension

  • apply phonic knowledge and skills as the route to decode words
  • respond speedily with the correct sound to graphemes (letters or groups of letters) for all 40+ phonemes, including, where applicable, alternative sounds for graphemes
  • read accurately by blending sounds in unfamiliar words containing GPCs that have been taught
  • read common exception words, noting unusual correspondences between spelling and sound and where these occur in the word
  • read words containing taught GPCs and –s, –es, –ing, –ed, –er and –est endings
  • read other words of more than one syllable that contain taught GPCs
  • read words with contractions [for example, I’m, I’ll, we’ll], and understand that the apostrophe represents the omitted letter(s)
  • read aloud accurately books that are consistent with their developing phonic knowledge and that do not require them to use other strategies to work out words
  • re-read these books to build up their fluency and confidence in word reading.


Develop pleasure in reading, motivation to read, vocabulary and understanding:

  • listen to and discuss a wide range of poems, stories and non-fiction at a level beyond that at which they can read independently
  • be encouraged to link what they read or hear read to their own experiences
  • become very familiar with key stories, fairy stories and traditional tales, retell them and consider their particular characteristics
  • recognise and join in with predictable phrases
  • learn to appreciate rhymes and poems, and to recite some by heart
  • discuss word meanings, link new meanings to those already known


Understand both the books they can already read accurately and fluently and those they listen to:

  • draw on what they already know or on background information and vocabulary provided by the teacher
  • check that the text makes sense to them as they read and correct inaccurate reading
  • discuss the significance of the title and events
  • make inferences on the basis of what is being said and done
  • predict what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far
  • participate in discussion about what is read to them, taking turns and listening to what others say
  • explain clearly their understanding of what is read to them