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At the end of Year 3, children are expected to show the following skills in Reading:


Word Reading

Reading Comprehension

  • Apply their growing knowledge of root words, prefixes and suffixes (etymology and morphology), as listed in English Appendix 1, both to read aloud and to understand the meaning of new words that they meet.
  • Read further exception words, noting the unusual correspondences between spelling and sound, and where these occur in the word


Develop positive attitudes to reading and understanding what they read by:

  • Listen to and discuss a wide range of fiction, poetry, plays, non-fiction and reference books or textbooks
  • Read books that are structured in different ways and read for a range of purposes
  • Begin to use dictionaries to check the meaning of words that they have read
  • Increase their familiarity with a wide range of books, including fairy stories, myths and legends, and retell some of these orally
  • Identify and discuss common themes and conventions in a wide range of books
  • Begin to prepare poems and play scripts to read aloud and to perform, showing understanding through intonation, tone, volume and action
  • Discuss words and phrases that capture the reader’s interest and imagination
  • Begin to recognise some different forms of poetry (e.g. free verse, narrative poetry)


Understand what they read in books they can read independently:

  • Check that the text makes sense to them, discussing their understanding and exploring the meaning of words in context
  • Draw inferences such as inferring characters’ feelings, thoughts and motives from their actions, and begin to justify inferences with evidence
  • Predict what might happen from details stated and implied
  • Identify main ideas drawn from more than one paragraph and summarising these
  • Begin to identify how language, structure and presentation contribute to meaning
  • Ask questions to improve their understanding of a text


Retrieve and record information from non-fiction


Participate in discussion about both books that are read to them and those they can read for themselves, taking turns and listening to what others say